In 1966, the National Academy of Sciences published a report entitled “Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society.” This report quantified the magnitude of traffic-related death and disability while describing the deficiencies in prehospital care in the United States. They made a number of recommendations regarding ambulance systems, including a need for ambulance standards, state-level policies and regulations, and adopting a system for providing consistent ambulance services at the local level. As a result of this report, which of the following legislations authorized the US Department of Transportation (DOT) to develop prehospital systems?
a. Highway Safety Act
b. Emergency Medicine Services Act
c. Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA)
d. Trauma Care Systems Planning and Development Act
e. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JCAHO)